Orthopedics and Traumatology and the specified drapes for use The surgical area concerned with musculoskeletal system conditions and injuries is referred to Orthopedics and Traumatology. This surgical procedure is mostly concerned with joints, bones, muscles, nerves, ligaments and tendons of the human body.
The orthopedic field handled both critical and non-emergency treatment and care of the musculoskeletal injuries. Joints and muscles are majorly involved in motion, so while undertaking Orthopedics and Traumatology surgery or medication, the specialist must diagnose the disorder or injury, treat it and recommend exercises to the patient.
Orthopedics and Traumatology operations commonly carried out are; repairing fractured bones this includes broken ribs, legs, hip ankle; another is repairing of damaged muscles or tendons, correction of body deformity operation, arthroscopy and arthroplasty.
Even In undertaking the Orthopedics and Traumatology operation, the specialist is always expected to be protected from any possible infections that might occur while in surgery. Measures are taken right from the equipment they use, surgical scrubs and the drapes.
Drapes being our primary focus, there are specified types of Orthopedics and Traumatology drapes required for the operation-Drapes are used in surgery to cover on a patient and surrounding areas providing a sterile barrier. Surgical procedures require sterile environment and drape purposefully help in to maintain this. Draping eliminates any possible passage of microorganisms between the non-sterile and the sterile areas.
They are either disposable or non-disposable depending on its material. Disposable drapes are usually plastics while the non-disposable ones are made of muslin in double thickness and are absorbent.
Orthopedic drapes should maintain a sterile field throughout the procedure, withstand massive manipulations within the proceedings.
Qualities of Orthopedic drapes
Superior in strength to endure arduous procedures and hold heavy surgical instruments.
Fluid control features to contain fluid hence reduces chances of exposure and keeps patients dry.
Impervious to strike through not to compromise the sterile environment required during operation and reduce risk of wound infection
Reliable adhesion to the skin is necessary in a case of migration or retraction, wound edges are secured, and no bacteria can get into the skin.
They are available in packs including, basic surgical, orthopedic surgical pack without mayo, extremity surgical, adhesive split sheets, hand drape, hand pack. Other available packs are foot/hand drape, hip, one-piece Drape with side pouches, laparotomy drapes, leggings, isolation drape with incise film and pouch, U-drape, arthroscopy sheet with a bag, split shoulder sheet.
In conclusion, the drape to be used is to be chosen by the surgery team as only they know which type and kind of surgery they will be undertaking.